to begin his first shell work in
At the age of five, he was afflicted with a debilitating form
of arthritis, leaving him permanently paralyzed, but with the use of
his hands. Although Woodman designed and executed all of the
intricate shell patterns himself, he enlisted Massachusetts artist
Ralph Calhoon to paint many of the elaborate Valentine center
illustrations, a collaboration which resulted in a number of
much-sought Sailor's Valentines.
Bernard Woodman died in 1986.